A number of recent studies have also been conducted regarding the diagnosis and management of sleep disorders during childhood.
Marcus, C. L., Brooks, L. J., Ward, S. D., Draper, K. A., Gozal, D., Halbower, A. C., Jones, J., Lehmann, C., Schechter, M. S., Sheldon, S., Shiffman, R. N., Spruyt, K. (2012). Diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Pediatrics, 130, e714-55.
Marcus and colleagues (2012) recently published a revised clinical practice guideline, outlining 8 recommendations for the diagnosis and management of childhood Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSAS).
Community Paediatrics Committee, Canadian Paediatric Society (2012). Melatonin for the management of sleep disorders in children and adolescents. Paediatric and Child Health, 17(6), 331-333.
This article published by the Community Pediatrics Committee of the Canadian Pediatric Society reviews and critiques the use of melatonin for pediatric populations, noting that all previous studies have involved small research samples and evaluate only the short-term use of melatonin. Therefore, the authors conclude that further studies are necessary before the efficacy and safety of melatonin to treat pediatric sleep disorders can be confirmed.
Mansukhani, M. P., & Kotagal, S. (2012). Sodium oxybate in the treatment of childhood narcolepsy–cataplexy: A retrospective study. Sleep Medicine, 13, 606–610.
Moreover, a recent study by Mansukhani and Kotagal (2012) explored the usefulness and side effect profile of sodium – oxybate for the treatment of narcolepsy-cataplexy among children and adolescents. Based on the data obtained from 15 pediatric patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy, the researchers found sodium-oxybate to be effective at alleviating sleepiness and reducing cataplexy episodes. Improvements in social and academic variables were also noted by many subjects. In total, 40% of the subjects experienced negative side effects, including constipation, dissociative feelings, aches, dizziness, tremors, blurred vision, nocturnal awakenings and more frequent nightmares.